Music unit 3

Music therapists use an array of music-centered tools, techniques, and activities when working with military-associated clients, many of which are similar to the techniques used in other music therapy settings.

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Music therapists use an array of music-centered tools, techniques, and activities when working with military-associated clients, many of which are similar to the techniques used in other music therapy settings.

Archaeological studies of rock art in Northern Australia suggest that the people of the Kakadu region of the Northern Territory have been using the didgeridoo for less than 1, years, based on the dating of paintings on cave walls and shelters from this period.

The standard body of choices and techniques present at a given time and a given place is referred to as performance practicewhereas interpretation is generally used to mean the individual choices of a performer.

The former was mostly developed by professor Even Ruud, while professor Brynjulf Stige is largely responsible for cultivating the latter.

Methods[ edit ] Music therapists work with active duty military personnel, veterans, service members in transition, and their families.

Her group 'The Wheelchair Players' continued untiland is considered to be the first music therapy group project in Canada. The United States Department of War issued Technical Bulletin inwhich described the use of music in the recuperation of military service members in Army hospitals.

There are master's level programs in music therapy in ManchesterBristolCambridgeSouth WalesEdinburgh and Londonand there are therapists throughout the UK.

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Pictured are the influential funk musicians George Clinton and Parliament Funkadelic in Aulus Cornelius Celsus advocated the sound of cymbals and running water for the treatment of mental disorders.

North Dakota, Nevada and Georgia have established licenses for music therapists. Written notation varies with style and period of music. Improvisation is a major part of some types of music, such as bluesjazzand jazz fusionin which instrumental performers improvise solos, melody lines and accompaniment parts.

In the thirteenth century, Arab hospitals contained music-rooms for the benefit of the patients. Methods[ edit ] Music therapists work with active duty military personnel, veterans, service members in transition, and their families. Examples range from avant-garde music that uses graphic notationto text compositions such as Aus den sieben Tagento computer programs that select sounds for musical pieces.

The current credential available is MT-BC. History[ edit ] Music therapy finds its roots in the military. In Western art music, the most common types of written notation are scores, which include all the music parts of an ensemble piece, and parts, which are the music notation for the individual performers or singers.

A World Forum for Music Therapy. Her books Nadalayasindhu-RagachikilsamrutamMusic Therapy in Management Education and Administration and Ragachikitsa are accepted textbooks on music therapy and Indian arts. Some have applied acousticshuman physiologyand psychology to the explanation of how and why music is perceived.

Improvisation is the act of instantaneous composition by performers, where compositional techniques are employed with or without preparation. Some practicing music therapists have held PhDs in fields other than, but usually related to, music therapy.

Aesculapius was said to cure diseases of the mind by using song and music, and music therapy was used in Egyptian temples. While Romantic era classical music from the mid- to lates makes great use of dramatic changes of dynamics, from whispering pianissimo sections to thunderous fortissimo sections, some entire Baroque dance suites for harpsichord from the early s may use a single dynamic.

Aspect of music Music has many different fundamentals or elements. Plato said that music affected the emotions and could influence the character of an individual.

The first university sponsored music therapy course was taught by Margaret Anderton in at Columbia University. The standard body of choices and techniques present at a given time and a given place is referred to as performance practicewhereas interpretation is generally used to mean the individual choices of a performer.

For example, it is much easier for listeners to discern the pitch of a single note played on a piano than to try to discern the pitch of a crash cymbal that is struck.

Many authors suspect that music has a soothing effect on the patient by affecting how noise is perceived: French Baroque music composer Michel Richard Delalande —pen in hand. A World Forum for Music Therapy. It seems at this stage that there is still research to be done in this area.

She has met with great success in working with many international organizations, and in the training of therapists, educators, and doctors. Practitioners are registered with the Health Professions Council and, starting fromnew registrants must normally hold a master's degree in music therapy.

In jazz and popular music, notable recordings by influential performers are given the weight that written scores play in classical music. In popular music, jazz, and blues, the standard musical notation is the lead sheetwhich notates the melody, chords, lyrics if it is a vocal pieceand structure of the music.

The process of deciding how to perform music that has been previously composed and notated is termed "interpretation". Music is composed and performed for many purposes, ranging from aesthetic pleasure, religious or ceremonial purposes, or as an entertainment product for the marketplace.

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